Jewelry is a kind of decoration that is ubiquitous. Prehistoric jewelry consisting of shells, stone, and bones has survived. It is probable that it was worn as a kind of protection against life’s perils or as a symbol of prestige or position from the beginning. The knowledge of how to handle metals was a critical milestone in the development of the art of jewelry in the ancient world. Metalworking skills got more complex over time, as did embellishment. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
Gold, a rare and valuable item, was interred with the deceased in order for its owner to follow him or her into the afterlife. Much archaeological jewelry is found in graves and hoards. Sometimes, as with the gold collars discovered folded in half in Celtic Ireland, it indicates that individuals followed a routine for disposing of jewelry. Before 1783, this collar was discovered in a swamp at Shannongrove, Co. Limerick, Ireland.
We don’t know what it was for, but it was most likely a ceremonial collar. A hole is located on the inner side of the collar, beneath each of the round terminals. The collar was most likely worn on the chest and was fastened in place by a chain that ran between the two openings and around the back of the neck. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
BRIEF HISTORY OF JEWELRY:
1200–1500: Medieval jewelry
The jewelry worn in medieval Europe represented a culture that was very hierarchical and status-conscious. The nobles and royalty donned gold, silver, and costly stones. The lower classes wore basic metals such as copper or pewter. Color and protecting force (given by costly stones and enamel) were highly appreciated. Some diamonds include cryptic or mystical inscriptions that are thought to protect the bearer. Gems were mainly polished rather than cut until the late 14th century. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
Their worth was decided by their size and rich color. Enamels, which are ground glassware that is fired at high temperatures onto a metal surface, allowed goldsmiths to color their patterns on jewelry. They employed a variety of approaches to produce effects that are still commonly utilized today. In the late medieval period, the paintings on the back of this cross were frequently utilized as a focus for meditation.
The pictures on the lid depict the Crucifixion’s Instruments of the Passion, which included a scourge, whip, spear, sponge, and nails. A little portion of one of them may have created a relic and been kept within the now-empty interior of the cross. Pearls represented purity, and crimson diamonds may have represented Christ’s sacrificial blood. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
Renaissance gems reflected the era’s desire for opulence. Enamels became increasingly ornate and colorful, frequently covering both sides of the gem, while innovations in cutting methods boosted the glimmer of stones. The immense significance of religion in everyday life was reflected in jewelry, as was worldly power – many outstanding items were worn as a symbol of political authority. The designs reflect the renewed interest in the classical world, with legendary figures and scenes becoming increasingly popular. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
The old technique of gem engraving was resurrected, and the usage of portraiture represented another cultural trend: increasing the creative awareness of the person. Stones were supposed to guard against various diseases or threats, ranging from toothache to the evil eye. They might also foster or discourage traits like boldness or depression. This scorpion etching originates from the 2nd or 1st century BC, but it was repurposed in a medieval ring. Carved Greek or Roman stones were extremely valuable throughout the Middle Ages. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
They were discovered in excavations or in surviving older items of jewelry and traded across Europe. The scorpion has a long history as a protective charm. It was thought to treat poisoned sufferers and, being the emblem of the Zodiac sign Scorpio, it was connected with water and hence considered to have a cooling effect on fever. Poisoning remedies were also created by infusing scorpions in oil and herbs. Grand Duke Francesco I of the Medici (d. 1587) provided a formula for an anti-poison oil that was successful. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
17th-century costume jewelry
Changes in fashion have brought new forms of jewelry by the mid-17th century. Whereas dark materials necessitated complex gold jewelry, the new gentler pastel colors served as beautiful settings for diamonds and pearls. Gemstones became increasingly accessible as global trade expanded. The glimmer of gemstones in candlelight was enhanced by advancements in cutting methods.
Large bodice or breast embellishments that required to be fastened or sewed to stiff garment materials were frequently the most striking jewelry. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
The whirling foliate pattern of the diamonds demonstrates a renewed interest in bow motifs and botanical embellishments. This necklace’s center bow is a beautiful example of a mid-17th century gem. The painted opaque enamel was a relatively new invention, reported to have been produced by a Frenchman named Jean Touting of Châteaudun. Around this time, this eye-catching color combination was often utilized in enamels. HISTORY OF JEWELRY
Jewelry from today
The boundaries of jewelry have been constantly changing since the 1960s. Successive generations of independent jewelers, frequently trained at art college and engaged in radical ideas, have questioned conventions. New technologies and non-precious materials, such as plastics, paper, and fabrics, have challenged the conventional ideas of prestige embedded in jewelry. Avant-garde jewelers have investigated the relationship of jewelry with the body, pushing the limits of size and wearability. Jewelry has evolved into a form of wearable art. The dispute about its link to Fine Art is still ongoing. HISTORY OF JEWELRY